Information On Autism singapore
6. Who discovered Autism singapore ?
American psychiatrist Leo Kanner published a paper called Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact in 1943 in the English language. In 1944, Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger published a paper called Die “Autistischen Psychopathen” im Kindesalter (Autistic Psychopathy in Children) in 1944 in the German language. Kanner’s research was widely recognized and dominated the field of autism singapore , while Asperger’s research, conducted under a Nazi-controlled government during World War II, would not be available in English until the 1980 translation by Lorna Wing.
Later researchers included Bruno Bettelheim, who supported the later disproven theory that mothers caused Autism singapore when they did not love their children, and Bernard Rimland, who railed against Bettelheim and devoted his life to finding a cure for Autism singapore . There was Ivar Lovaas, the clinical psychologist who advocated a behaviorist theory, that would later develop into Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), and Eric Schopler, the psychologist who developed the TEACCH program as an alternative to ABA. (More on those later, on question 9.)
7. What causes Autism singapore ?
No one knows with certainty the exact cause of Autism singapore . The generally accepted theory is that the cause is complex genetic factors. Multiple studies on twins and families suggest that Autism singapore is genetic, and that multiple genes and parts of several chromosomes are involved in producing phenotypic traits of Autism singapore in an individual.
There are many less credible theories about environmental causes, such as the vaccine-causation hypothesis, which stems from a 1998 paper by Andrew Wakefield. He was a doctor before he was stripped of his license to practice for malpractice. Of the other twelve authors of his paper, eleven recanted their names from the paper claiming a link between the Measles/Mumps/Rubella (MMR) vaccine and Autism singapore . The Lancet, the journal that originally published the paper, published an official retraction fairly recently — either in late 2010 or early 2011. Other theories were that thimerosal or mercury in vaccines causes Autism singapore . There is no scientifically valid evidence to support this theory.
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